History Highlights

Henry the Lion submits to Frederick Barbarossa, 1181 in Erfurt

Heinrich der Löwe (Henry the Lion) was one of the most powerful German princes of his time… but he lost it all when he angered Kaiser Friedrich I, Barbarossa (Frederick Barbarossa). The image here depicts the moment that Henry the Lion submits to Frederick Barbarossa, 1181 in Erfurt. The painting is by Peter Janssen, 1882,… Continue reading Henry the Lion submits to Frederick Barbarossa, 1181 in Erfurt

Notes on German Culture, Old Germany...lost territory

Pictorial map of East and West Prussia

This pictorial map of East and West Prussia was produced in 1937. All of the major towns are pictorially represented on the map, notably with images of signature buildings, while the coat of arms of the towns line the edges of the printwork.  The body of water on top of map is named Ostsee which… Continue reading Pictorial map of East and West Prussia

Bavaria, Notes on German Culture

The Christkindl gift bringer tradition was first introduced by Martin Luther

Martin Luther influenced our German Christmas traditions, in both northern and southern Germany. In general, the Christkindl …or Christ-child… always seemed to be the tradition in Catholic southern Germany and the Weihnachtsmann seemed to be the Lutheran tradition in northern Germany. But it was not always so…early in the 16th century there was no Christkindl… Continue reading The Christkindl gift bringer tradition was first introduced by Martin Luther

Notes on German Culture

Images from the past…10 traditional women’s folk costumes of old Germany

These Trachten, or folk costumes, represent 10 areas of old Germany... these images were used on a series of postage stamps issued early in the 20th century. East Prussia...or Ostpreussen...was the easternmost part of northern Germany, founded by Teutonic Knights in the 13th century. It was removed from Germany after WWII and is now part… Continue reading Images from the past…10 traditional women’s folk costumes of old Germany

History Highlights, prussia

This map of Germany shows Prussia at the height of its power

This map of Germany during the Second Reich, 1871 to 1918, shows Prussia at the height of its power. Prussian states are shown in green, all other German states are shown in yellow. It is interesting to see the map in this simple two color presentation because you don't lose the forest for the trees...Prussia… Continue reading This map of Germany shows Prussia at the height of its power

History Highlights, prussia

Prussian General Ludwig Yorck was a very brave man who seized a moment in time

General Yorck and his Prussian troops had been compelled to augment Napoleon’s Grande Armée during the ill-fated invasion of Russia in 1812. This kind of cooperation was mandated by the Treaty of Tilsit, signed five years earlier after Napoleon defeated Prussia and all of Germany was under French control. General Yorck and German patriots everywhere… Continue reading Prussian General Ludwig Yorck was a very brave man who seized a moment in time

History Highlights, Notes on German Culture

German Eagles…single head 640 years, double-headed 366 years, then single head ever since 1871.

The double-headed eagle symbol of the Holy Roman Empire starting in 1440, while the name change “of the German Nation” was added in 1512. The double headed eagle was introduced in 1440 to emphasize the religious and secular nature of the empire, and it replaced the single headed eagle that was used by the Empire… Continue reading German Eagles…single head 640 years, double-headed 366 years, then single head ever since 1871.

History Highlights, prussia, Second Reich...1871 to 1918

Should Austria or Prussia be the leader of Germany?

The question of who should lead a future united Germany, Prussia or Austria, was answered in 1866. In this first image, Prussian King Wilhelm is congratulating his son, Crown Prince Friedrich III, on the battlefield after their victory over the Austrian Empire. Prussia’s leadership was now assured but would mean the hoped for “Greater Germany”… Continue reading Should Austria or Prussia be the leader of Germany?

Notes on German Culture

Wiesbaden is one of the oldest spa towns in Europe

Herbst in Wiesbaden (Autumn in Wiesbaden) Travel Poster, vintage Germany 1930's. The image portrays a fashionable lady of the era, holding a bunch of flowers with seagulls flying overhead, painted in watercolor by the master of advertising art, Ludwig Hohlwein.  Wiesbaden is one of the oldest spa towns in Europe. Its name translates to "meadow… Continue reading Wiesbaden is one of the oldest spa towns in Europe

Notes on German Culture, Old Germany...lost territory

This photo brings back memories of my parents who lived in Königsberg

My parents lived in Königsberg and were married there in 1940. The city was the capital of East Prussia in Germany. I remember a photo of them in 1937 in a rowboat on this large castle lagoon, the one pictured here. And stories of how they had dinner in the somewhat spooky Königsberg Castle’s Blutgericht… Continue reading This photo brings back memories of my parents who lived in Königsberg