Erhard shepherded the new West German economy through a recovery that outpaced the growth of all the European countries that had won the war. Some credit for European recovery is due to the Marshall Plan, which provided assistance of $12 billion (equivalent to $120 billion today) but it was spread among 18 countries...for example, Britain… Continue reading Ludwig Erhard crafted West Germany’s post-World War II economic recovery, the German “economic miracle.”
“On War”, the West's premier work on the philosophy of war, was written by Clausewitz in his spare time as a Prussian officer. It was not even published until after his death, yet his ideas have been widely influential in military theory and have had a strong influence on German military thought specifically. Prussian German… Continue reading The West’s premier work on the philosophy of war, was written in Germany by Clausewitz in his spare time as a Prussian officer.
This image is an excerpt from a magnificent piece of art that is 177 feet long…commissioned in 1512 and still unfinished by 1519, when its benefactor died. The project was entitled: Triumphs of Maximilian, also referred to as the Triumphal Procession of Maximilian I. The composite image was printed from over 130 separate wood blocks… Continue reading It was designed to be pasted to the walls in city halls in the Holy Roman Empire as an expression of the German Emperor’s power and magnificence.
Frederick the Great was a commander who repeatedly, even joyfully, risked everything on a single day's battle - his army, his kingdom, often his very life. At a battle near Berlin in 1759, he probably came closest to losing his life. The image shown here depicts that moment…it is an excerpt from an old tapestry… Continue reading Frederick the Great was a commander who repeatedly, even joyfully, risked everything on a single day’s battle
Alsace-Lorraine was territory west of the Rhine River that was part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.. For over 700 years It was known as Elsass-Lothringen... from the 10th to the 17th century... populated with people who for the most part spoke Alemannic German dialects. However, France long desired their eastern border… Continue reading The German area of Alsace Lorraine was once again given to France
Heinrich der Löwe (Henry the Lion) was one of the most powerful German princes of his time… but he lost it all when he angered Kaiser Friedrich I, Barbarossa (Frederick Barbarossa). The image here depicts the moment that Henry the Lion submits to Frederick Barbarossa, 1181 in Erfurt. The painting is by Peter Janssen, 1882,… Continue reading Henry the Lion submits to Frederick Barbarossa, 1181 in Erfurt
This map of Germany during the Second Reich, 1871 to 1918, shows Prussia at the height of its power. Prussian states are shown in green, all other German states are shown in yellow. It is interesting to see the map in this simple two color presentation because you don't lose the forest for the trees...Prussia… Continue reading This map of Germany shows Prussia at the height of its power
General Yorck and his Prussian troops had been compelled to augment Napoleon’s Grande Armée during the ill-fated invasion of Russia in 1812. This kind of cooperation was mandated by the Treaty of Tilsit, signed five years earlier after Napoleon defeated Prussia and all of Germany was under French control. General Yorck and German patriots everywhere… Continue reading Prussian General Ludwig Yorck was a very brave man who seized a moment in time
The double-headed eagle symbol of the Holy Roman Empire started in 1440, while the name change “of the German Nation” was added in 1512. The double headed eagle was introduced in 1440 to emphasize the religious and secular nature of the empire, and it replaced the single headed eagle that was used by the Empire… Continue reading German Eagles…single head 640 years, double-headed 366 years, then single head ever since 1871.
The question of who should lead a future united Germany, Prussia or Austria, was answered in 1866. In this first image, Prussian King Wilhelm is congratulating his son, Crown Prince Friedrich III, on the battlefield after their victory over the Austrian Empire. Prussia’s leadership was now assured but would mean the hoped for “Greater Germany”… Continue reading Should Austria or Prussia be the leader of Germany?