Famous Artists, Notes on German Culture

German Romantic Era of the early 19th century, as presented by Caspar Friedrich

Caspar Friedrich is considered the most important German artist of his generation, best known for allegorical landscapes which typically feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees or Gothic ruins. His primary interest as an artist was the contemplation of nature and often set a human presence in diminished perspective amid expansive landscapes.

Caspar Friedrich’s “Lebensstufen”, representing our various Life Stages by the distances of ships on the vast sea of life. Once again Friedrich uses the so-called Rückenfigur …a prominently placed figure shown entirely from the back … which is a commentary on the Romantic experience of art and nature. The world can only be glimpsed, experienced, and reproduced from a single point of view, in fragments, never as complete and whole in and of itself. 

Below are a few more examples of Caspar Friedrich’s Romantic Era paintings.

Wanderer above a Sea of Fog, by Caspar Friedrich
Caspar David Friedrich, On board a Sailing Ship… Friedrich was on his honeymoon in 1818 with the woman in the eye-catching red dress, his bride Caroline.
Old Sailing Ship in Harbor by Caspar Friedrich
Mondaufgang am Meer (Moonrise over the sea), by Caspar Friedrich 1822



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